Birds of Gibraltar Reserve

 

As a bird observatory, Gibraltar Reserve has recorded over 190 species since we began collecting data in 2003. Several species with single or few records occurred during the period 2003-2007, with drier regional weather.
 
Observations are made daily around the various vegetation communities. Visible migration occurs seasonally, particularly movements of forest passerines. Several unlisted species are very likely to have been recorded, but identification was unconfirmed.

 

Migrant arrival and departure dates can be found here.

 

 

 

 

The following bird species have been recorded at Gibraltar Reserve:

T = Species listed as Threatened in NSW

E= Species listed as Endangered in NSW

Australian Brush-turkey Alectura lathami

Resident locally, occasionally recorded, nest mounds found a few times.

 

Brown Quail Coturnix ypsilophora

Breeding resident, common.

 

Painted Button-quail Turnix varia

Recorded 3 times, 2005, 2006.

 

Australian Pelican Pelecanus conspicillatus

Observed flying overhead, 2005,  2013.

 

Darter Anhinga melanogaster

Annual, Occasionally recorded.

 

Pied  Cormorant Phalacrocorax varius

Recorded 2 times, 2008, 2012.

 

Little Pied Cormorant Phalacrocorax melanoleucos

Annual, Occasionally recorded.

 

Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris

Annual, Occasionally recorded, 19 roosted 28/09/10.

 

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo

Occasionally recorded.

 

Australian Grebe Tachybaptus novaehollandiae

Occasionally recorded, breeding attempted 2007.

 

Magpie Goose Anseranas semipalmata T

Recorded once, 2006.

 

Black Swan Cygus atratus

2 birds observed flying overhead once, 2005

 

Plumed Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna eytoni

Small flocks or individuals seen rarely, 2005, 2011

 

King Quail Coturnix chinensis

Breeding resident, juveniles observed, at least 3-4 pairs breeding in good season.

 

Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa

Frequently recorded, has bred.

 

Grey Teal Anas gracilis

Rarely recorded, 2005

 

Chestnut Teal Anas castanea

Rarely recorded, 2005

 

Hardhead Aythya australis

Seen rarely, 2006, 2013

 

Wood Duck Chenonetta jubata

Occasionally recorded.

 

Lewin's Rail Rallus pectoralis

Frequently recorded, breeds.

 

Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla

Rarely recorded, 2007

 

Olivaceous Bush-hen Amaurornis olivaceus T

Seen three times, 07/03/05, 10/01/06, 01/01/07

 

Purple Swamphen  Porphyrio porphyrio

Rarely recorded

 

White-necked Heron Ardea pacifica

Annual, occasionally recorded.

 

White-faced Heron Ardea Novahollandiae

Annual, occasionally recorded.

 

Cattle Egret Ardea ibis

Observed flying overhead twice, 2005, 2006.

 

Great Egret Ardea alba

Rarely seen, 2008, 2013.

 

Rufous Night Heron Nycticorax caledonicus

Rarely seen, recorded twice, 2005.

 

White Ibis Threskiornis molucca

Seen flying overhead 2005, 2009.

 

Straw-necked Ibis Threskiornis spinicollis

Annual,occasionally seen, usually large flocks up to 300+ birds (2007) soaring on thermals.

 

Royal Spoonbill Platelea regia

Rarely recorded.

 

Yellow-billed Spoonbill

Seen once, 25/12/08

 

Latham’s Snipe Gallinago hardwickii

Occasionally seen, mostly December & January 2007, 2008.

 

Bush Stone-curlew Burhinus grallarius E

Heard once, 25/08/06, c2200hrs.

 

Masked Lapwing Vanellus miles

Occasionally recorded, breeds locally.

 

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

Seen twice, 16/08/07 & 2010.

 

Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata

Occasionally seen, juveniles observed.

 

Black-shouldered Kite Elanus axillaris

Annual, occasionally recorded.

 

Square-tailed Kite Lophoictinia isura T

Seen 4 times, 2005, 2007, 2013.

 

Black Kite Milvus migrans

Seen twice, one with a juvenile Brahminy Kite on 26/08/04 & 10 birds together with 2 Whistling Kites on 21/04/13.

 

Whistling Kite Haliastur sphenurus

Occasionally recorded.

 

Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus

Seen twice, one on 26/08/04, with Black Kite, another  in  2008.

 

White-bellied Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster

Seen occasionally.

 

Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides T

Annual, occasionally recorded. Breeds locally.

 

Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax

Regularly seen, breeds locally.

 

Collard Sparrowhawk Accipiter cirrhocephalus

Occasionally recorded, breeds locally.

 

Grey Goshawk Accipiter novahollandiae

Regularly seen May-December, resident & breeds locally.

 

Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus

Quite common, breeds locally.

 

Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis T

Annual visitor, infrequently seen, mainly April-Sept.

 

Swamp Harrier Circus approximans

Seen once, 2009

 

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Seen twice 2006.

 

Black Falcon Falco subniger

Seen twice 2006, 2009

 

Australian Hobby Falco longipennis

Annual, occasionally recorded.

 

Brown Falcon Falco berigora

Annual, occasionally recorded.

 

Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove Ptilonopus regina T

Annual, occasionally recorded.

 

Wompoo Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus magnificus T

Frequently recorded, Sept-April, Breeds locally.

 

Topknot Pigeon Lopholaimus antarcticus

Occasionally recorded.

 

White-headed Pigeon Columbo leucomela

Quite common, breeds locally

 

Brown Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia amboinensis

Frequently recorded, breeds locally

 

Peaceful Dove Geopelia placida

Occasionally recorded, breeds locally

 

Bar-shouldered Dove Geopelia humeralis

Occasionally recorded, breeds locally

 

Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica

Occasionally recorded.

 

Common Bronzewing Phaps chalcoptera

Occasionally recorded.

 

Crested Pigeon Ocyphaps lophotes

Recorded twice, 2004, 2005.

 

Wonga Pigeon Leucosarcia melanoleuca

Regularly recorded, breeds locally.

 

Glossy Black-Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus lathami T

Annual, occasionally recorded, juvenile & 2 adults observed April 2013.

 

Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus funereus

Occasionally recorded.

 

Sulphur-crested Cockatoo Cacatua galerita

Quite frequent, daily flights of individuals or small groups early morning from a roost to the west.

 

Little Corella Cacatua sanguinea

Recorded once, 2008.

 

Galah Cacatua roseicapilla

Rarely recorded.

 

Rainbow Lorikeet Trichoglossus haemotodus

Frequently recorded.

 

Scaly-breasted Lorikeet Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus

Quite frequently recorded.

 

Musk Lorikeet Glossopsitta concinna

Quite frequently recorded, apparent seasonal altitudinal movements.

 

Little Lorikeet  Glossopsitta pusilla T

Annual, occasionally recorded, apparent seasonal altitudinal movements.

 

Australian King-Parrot Alisterus scapularis

Frequently recorded.

 

Eastern Rosella Platycercus eximius

Occasionally recorded.

 

Crimson Rosella Platycercus elegans

Frequently recorded.

 

Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus

Frequently recorded Oct-March.

 

Fan-tailed Cuckoo Cacomantis flabelliformis

Resident, frequently recorded, more abundant April-Oct, heard calling overhead at night.

 

Horsfield’s Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx basalis

Regularly recorded.

 

Shining Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx lucidus

Regularly recorded.

 

Little Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus

Occasionally recorded.

 

Common Koel Eudynamys scolopacea

Regularly recorded summer migrant.

 

Channel-billed Cuckoo Scythrops novahollandiae

Regularly recorded summer migrant.

 

Pheasant Coucal Centropus phasianinus

Regularly recorded. Breeds locally.

 

Powerful Owl Ninox strenua T

Rarely heard.

 

Southern Boobook Ninox novaseelandiae

Frequently recorded, breeds locally.

 

Barking Owl Ninox connivens T

Recorded twice, 2004, 2005.

 

Sooty Owl Tyto tenebricosa T

Resident, breeds locally, frequently recorded.

 

Masked Owl Tyto novaehollandiae T

Resident, breeds locally, frequently recorded.

 

Eastern Grass Owl Tyto longipennis T

Rarely seen, recorded several times & photographed 15/08/06 - 01/11/06

 

Tawny Frogmouth Podargus strigoides

Regularly recorded, breeds locally.

 

White-throated Nightjar Eurostopodus mystacalis

Frequently recorded summer migrant.

 

Australian Owlet-Nightjar Aegotheles cristatus

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus

Frequently recorded summer migrant.

 

Fork-tailed (Pacific) Swift Apus pacificus

Recorded once, c100, 10/12/09

 

Azure Kingfisher Alcedo azurea

Frequently recorded, breeds locally.

 

Laughing Kookaburra Dacelo novaguiineae

Frequently recorded, breeds.

 

Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus

Occasionally recorded summer migrant.

 

Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis

Occasionally recorded summer migrant.

 ...Continued

Sacred Kingfisher Todiramphus sancus

Frequently recorded summer migrant, breeds locally.

 

Forest Kingfisher Todiramphus macleayii

Recorded twice, 2004, 2005.

 

Noisy Pitta Pitta versicolor

Resident, breeds locally, frequently recorded. seasonally heard to call overhead at night.

 

Superb Lyrebird Menura novaenollandiae

Rarely recorded.

 

Varied Sittella Daphoenositta chrysoptera T

Frequently recorded resident. Ssp chrysoptera intergrading with leucocephala.

 

White-throated Treecreeper Cormobates leucophaeus

Frequently recorded resident.

 

Red-browed Treecreeper Climacteris erythrops

Rarely recorded.

 

Superb Fairy-wren Malurus cyaneus

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Variegated Fairy-wren Malurus lamberti

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Red-backed Fairy-wren Malurus melanocephalus

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Spotted Pardalote Pardalotus puntatus

Resident, attempted breeding, frequently recorded.

 

Striated Pardalote Pardalotus puntatus

Occasionally recorded

 

White-browed Scrubwren Sericornis frontalis

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Yellow-throated Scrubwren Sericornis citreogularis

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Large-billed Scrubwren Sericornis magnirostris

Frequently recorded, breeds.

 

Speckled Warbler Chthonicola sagittata T

Recorded twice, 14 & 17/02/04.

 

Brown Gerygone Gerygone mouki

Frequently recorded, breeds, larger flocks April-September.

 

White-throated Gerygone Gerygone olivacea

Frequently recorded resident.

 

Striated Thornbill Acanthiza lineata

Occasionally recorded summer migrant.

 

Yellow Thornbill Acanthiza nana

Rarely recorded.

 

Brown Thornbill Acanthiza pusilla

Frequently recorded resident.

 

Buff-rumped Thornbill Acanthiza reguloides

Frequently recorded.

 

Red Wattlebird Anthochaera caranculata

Occasionally recorded, seasonal movements.

 

Brush Wattlebird

Occasionally recorded, seasonal movements.

 

Little Friarbird Philemon citreogularis

Occasionally recorded.

 

Noisy Friarbird Philemon corniculatus

Frequently recorded.

 

Blue-faced Honeyeater Entomyzon cyanotis

Frequently recorded.

 

Noisy Miner Manorina melanocephala

Frequently recorded.

 

Bell Miner Manorina melanophrys

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Lewin's Honeyeater Meliphaga lewinii

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Yellow-faced Honeyeater Lichenostomus chrysops

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Yellow-tufted Honeyeater Lichenostomus melanops

Rarely recorded.

 

Fuscous Honeyeater Lichenostomus fuscus

Annual, Occasionally recorded.

 

White-throated Honeyeater Melithreptus albogularis

Occasionally recorded, seasonal movements.

 

White-naped Honeyeater

Occasionally recorded, seasonal movements.

 

White-cheeked Honeyeater Phylidonyris nigra

Rarely recorded.

 

Eastern Spinebill Acanthorrhynchus tenuirostris

Frequently recorded, breeds.

 

Scarlet Honeyeater Myzomela sanguinolenta

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Brown Honeyeater Lichmera indistincta

Annual, Occasionally recorded.

 

Logrunner Orthonyx temminckii

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Eastern Whipbird Psophodes olivaceus

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Grey-crowned Babbler Pomatostomus temporalis T

Rarely recorded.

 

Rose Robin Petroica rosea

Annual, regularly recorded May-August.

 

Flame Robin Petroica phoenicea T

Occasionally recorded.

 

Scarlet Robin Petroica multicolor T

Occasionally recorded, breeds locally

 

Eastern Yellow Robin Eopsaltria australis

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Jacky Winter Microeca fascinans

Resident, breeds locally, frequently recorded.

 

Crested Shrike-tit Falcunculus frontatus

Frequently recorded, breeds locally.

 

Pale Yellow Robin Tregellasia capito

Frequently recorded, breeds.

 

Little Shrike-thrush Colluricincla megarhyncha

Recorded twice, 2004, 2005.

 

Grey Shrike-thrush Colluricincla harmonica

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Rufous Whistler Pachycephala rufiventris

Resident, breeds locally, frequently recorded.

 

Grey Fantail Rhipidura fuliginosa

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Rufous Fantail Rhipidura rufifrons

Frequently recorded summer migrant, breeds.

 

Willy Wagtail Rhipidura leucophrys

Resident, breeds locally, frequently recorded.

 

Spectacled Monarch Monarcha trivirgatus

Regularly recorded summer migrant, breeds.

 

Black-faced Monarch Monarcha melanopsis

Frequently recorded summer migrant, breeds.

 

Restless Flycatcher Myiagra inquieta

Annual, occasionally recorded.

 

Satin Flycatcher Myiagra cyanoleuca

Annual, occasionally recorded.

 

Leaden Flycatcher Myiagra rubecula

Frequently recorded summer migrant, breeds.

 

Spangled Drongo Dicrurus bracteatus

Frequently recorded summer migrant, large numbers (hundreds observed probably over 1000 on site).

 

Olive-backed Oriole Oriolus sagittatus

Regularly recorded, breeds locally.

 

Australasian Figbird Sphecotheres vielloti

Regularly recorded

 

Paradise Riflebird Ptiloris paradiseus

Regularly recorded, breeds locally.

 

Green Catbird Ailuroedus crassirostris

Regularly recorded, breeds locally.

 

Satin Bowerbird Ptilonorhynchus violaceus

Frequently recorded seasonal movements.

 

Regent Bowerbird Sericulus chrysocephalus

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Black-faced Cuckoo-Shrike Coracina novahollandiae

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

White-bellied Cuckoo-Shrike Coracina papuensis

Frequently recorded summer migrant, breeds.

 

Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostris

Frequently recorded summer migrant, breeds.

 

White-winged Triller Lalage tricolor

Recorded once, 2 birds, 2005.

 

Varied Triller Lalage leucomela

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Dusky Woodswallow Artamus cyanopterus

Occasionally recorded, apparent seasonal movements.

 

White-browed Woodswallow Artamus superciliosus

Rarely recorded.

 

Grey Butcherbird Cracticus torquatus

Frequently recorded.

 

Pied Butcherbird Cracticus nigrogularis

Frequently recorded.

 

Australian Magpie Gymnorhina tibicen

Frequently recorded.

 

Pied Currawong Strepera graculina

Frequently recorded.

 

Torresian Crow Corvus orru

Occasionally recorded.

 

Australian Raven Corvus coronoides

Frequently recorded .

 

Little Raven Corvus mellori

Recorded twice, 2005.

 

White-winged Chough Corcorax melanorhamphos

Rarely recorded.

 

Welcome Swallow Hirundo neoxena

Frequently recorded resident.

 

Tree Martin Hirundo nigricans

Occasionally recorded

 

Fairy Martin Petrochelidon ariel

Occasionally recorded

 

Australian Pipit Anthus novaseelandiae

Rarely recorded.

 

Rufous Songlark Cincloramphus mathewsi

Recorded once, 2005

 

Tawny Grassbird Megalurus timoriensis

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis

Frequently recorded, breeds

 

Double-barred Finch Taeniopygia bichenovii

Occasionally recorded

 

Red-browed Finch Neochema temporalis

Resident, breeds, frequently recorded.

 

Chestnut-breasted Mannikin Lonchura castaneothorax

Occasionally recorded

 

Silvereye Zosterops lateralis

Resident, breeds locally, frequently recorded, ssp lateralis frequently occurs April-Sept, visible migration observed annually.

 

Mistletoebird Dicaeum hirundinaceum

Frequently recorded.

 

Russet-tailed Thrush Zoothera heinei

Frequently recorded.