Gibraltar Reserve Wildlife Refuge

In 2004 Birdrangers established Gibraltar Reserve as a Wildlife Refuge, with the assistance of the NSW Office of Environment & Heritage Conservation Partners program & NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service.

Our visitors get a chance to
explore the wilderness with us, and support the wide variety of plants and animals we encounter. 


Between Grafton & Glen Innes, on the eastern slopes of Gibraltar Range, the border of Northern Rivers & Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia.


Photograph of trillum.

Species Lists

+Birds    +Mammals ,Reptiles, Amphibians & Fish


Three bioregions converge in the area including the New South Wales North Coast and New England bioregions, also the Bassian and Torresian avifaunal regions. These, together with the climate and geography of the area, provide conditions suitable for a high level of biodiversity.

 Gibraltar Range National Park borders a 1.7km western boundary of the reserve. This park adjoins Nymboida and Washpool Parks providing over 1000 square kilometers of unbroken National Park. Much of this is part of the World Heritage Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves of Australia and is declared Wilderness.

The ridges and gullies that occupy most of the Reserve and surrounding valley drain into Gundah Creek and then to the Mann River. This altitude range of 160-280 metres provides a blend of wet and drier plant communities distributed around several small creeks.

The Eucalypt forest communities are largely classed as Grey Gum Grassy open forests and Mahogany-Turpentine assembledges, with secondary species including Tallowood (E. microcorys), Narrow-leaved Ironbark (E. crebra) and Pink Bloodwood (Corymbia intermedia). Dry Sclerophyll communities dominate some ridges, descending to wetter Eucalypt and rainforest on the lower parts of the slopes and gullies.

The flora of the warm-temperate rainforest is particularly diverse, with canopy species including Blue Quandong (Elaeocarpus grandis), Brushbox (Lophostomen confertus), Forest she-oak (Allocasuarina torulosa), Red Cedar (Toona ciliata), Coachwood (Ceratopetalum apetalum) and Crabapple (Schizomeria ovata).

There are several hectares of rainforest at the foot of the slopes and along the higher drainage lines. Over 180 species of bird have been recorded on this small property, indicating that there is a diverse mosaic of vegetation types, as well as significant regional biodiversity. 

Photograph of trillum.


The diversity of flora & fauna at Gibraltar Reserve is significant, with Threatened species of Mammal andf bird identified as breeding or regularly using the land, including:

Koala, Eastern Chestnut Mouse, Long-nosed Potoroo, Brush-tailed Phascogale, Glossy Black-cockatoo, Little Lorikeet, Varied Sittella, Little Eagle, Scarlet Robin, Flame Robin, Wompoo Fruit-dove & Rose-crowned Fruit-dove

Visitors can support our conservation efforts through the accommodation, birding & wildlife experiences we offer. Our aim is to cultivate interest in bird watching and biodiversity.



Current Projects

Pest species management including

Exotic weeds & Dingo/Wild Dog monitoring -

Fire management & fuel monitoring. -

Bird observations -

Bell Miner Associated Dieback monitoring & management with NSW National Parks -

Trail Camera remote wildlife monitoring -Nestbox Cameras